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Spartan Symmachy in the Sixth and Fifth Centuries BCE

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Default Title
ISBN: 978-83-235-3482-2
Description: paperback, 284 pp. (24x17 cm)
Condition: new
Weight: 470g.



Aleksander Wolicki, Spartan Symmachy in the Sixth and Fifth Centuries BCE, Warsaw University Press, Warsaw 2018


The book contains systematic critique of the traditionalist model"s historiographical assumptions concerning the Spartan alliances in the VI and V century BCE. First chapter is devoted to the critique of the sources. In the second chapter we look at three areas where the original impulse for the creation of a coherent, uniform alliance around Sparta has been sought: Sparta"s helot problem, relations with Argos and finally the alleged Spartan "crusade" against Greek tyrants. In the third chapter the supposed constitution of the Peloponnesian League is tackled. The assumption is that it was shaped in the 450s in reaction to the emergence of the Athenian empire which provoked strong fear. In the fourth chapter the author attempts to buttress this theory by an analysis of a problem that has to date nearly evaded scholarly attention but which is central to any attempt at understanding the Spartan symmachy, namely the history of the term "the Peloponnesians" and its use. The author traces the development of an originally purely geographic designation into a slogan used from the mid-fifth century onwards as propaganda for the Peloponnesian unity against Athenian aggression while cementing the anti-Athenian alliance around Sparta. The history of the word constitutes a crucial argument in the discussion on the time, place and character of the formation of the Peloponnesian League.



0. Introduction
1. Spartan treaties of the archaic period: an analysis of the sources
1.1. The Spartan-Aitolian treaty
1.2. The Spartan-Tegean treaty
1.3. Herodotus on the beginnings of the Spartan symmachy
1.3.1. Archaic Spartan alliances and the testimony of Herodotus
1.3.2. Herodotus, Sparta, and Tegea: memory or creation?
2. Determinants of the rise of the Spartan symmachy
2.1. The Helot threat: the symmachy and the internal stability of the Spartan State
2.2. 'Hegemony in the Peloponnese': Argos, Sparta, and the Spartan symmachy
2.3. Sparta and Greek tyrants: between anti-tyrannical ideology and the politics of friendship
2.4. Royal power and Spartan alliances: the case of Kleomenes
3. The shape of the Spartan symmachy in the fifth century BCE
3.1. The assemblies of Spartan allies
3.1.1. Th.5.30 and the "constitutional" character of assemblies of Spartan allies
3.1.2. The assemblies of Spartan allies until the outbreak of the Peloponne-sian War
3.1.2.1. The assembly of 504
3.1.2.2. The assemblies of 440 and 432
3.2. The Spartan symmachy and the Hellenic League
3.3. Wars of Sparta and the wars of its allies
4. The Peloponnese and the Peloponnesians: from geography to politics
5. Conclusion
Appendix
Bibliography
Index
Index locorum - Literary Text
Index locorum - Inscriptions & Source collections
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