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Porphyreon, Hellenistic and Roman Pottery Production in the Sidon Hinterland

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ISBN: 978-83-942288-4-2
Description: paperback, 320 pp. (29,5x21 cm), figs., plates
Condition: new
Weight: 1360g.


Urszula Wincenciak, Porphyreon, Hellenistic and Roman Pottery Production in the Sidon Hinterland, PAM Monograph Series volume 7, Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology, University of Warsaw 2016

The pottery workshop in the village of Porphyreon on the Phoenician coast (modern Jiyeh in Lebanon), a site midway between Beirut and Saida, operated on a local scale, with some breaks, from the middle of the 2nd century BC to the 7th century AD. It produced mainly amphorae and kitchen vessels.
A Polish-Lebanese rescue project in 2004 probed a Hellenistic and Roman pottery production zone in the village, yielding an assemblage of ceramic vessels and wasters that supported an extensive study of the local repertory of vessels as well as the clay of which they were made. By the same, Porphyreon became the second, after Berytus, Hellenistic and Roman pottery production site to be excavated on the Lebanese coast, whereas laboratory analyses of the chemical composition of the clay have supplied a key criterion for distinguishing vessels made locally from other ceramic production in Phoenicia.
The study presents the assemblage from Jiyeh, including a typological and chronological classification of the vessels, and discusses the finds in relation to trends and phenomena typical of Phoenician pottery production in the periods in question. The overall picture of local workshop output provides important insights into the history of ancient trade and craftsmanship in central Phoenicia.
A formal examination of the ceramic material, combined with an analysis of ancient written and other sources, has thrown light on the administrative status of the settlement, placing it in the hinterland of Sidon rather than Berytus in the Hellenistic and Roman age. Moreover, it has given a unique village perspective of the economy of ancient Phoenicia, knowledge of which has been shaped primarily by data from the large urban centers, such as Sidon, Tyre and Berytus.

Foreword Preface
Chapter 1. Historical and archaeological evidence
1.1. Geographical context
1.2. Historical evidence
1.3. Administrative affiliations based on written sources
1.4. Archaeological evidence
1.4.1. Site topography
1.4.2. History of research
Chapter 2. Context, stratigraphy and classification criteria
2.1. Context and stratigraphy of the pottery finds
2.1.1. Late Hellenistic period
2.1.2 Early Roman period
2.2. Typological and chronological classification
2.3. Presentation of the ceramic material
2.3.1. Description and typology
2.3.2. Select parallels and dating
2.3.3. Illustrations and catalogue
2.3.4. Jiyeh site sector D assemblage
Chapter 3. Late Hellenistic pottery production
3.1. General description
3.2. Late Hellenistic Jiyeh Ware: macroscopic description
3.3. Typology of forms
3.3.1. Amphorae "Phoenician" style amphorae "Greek" style amphorae
3.3.2. Kitchen vessels Closed vessels for storing and serving liquids Table amphorae Jugs Juglets Trefoil juglets Lagynos-like juglets Flat flasks/bottles Cooking vessels and utensils Cooking pots Casseroles Stands Braziers Lids Other kitchen vessels Bowls Lekanai Kraters Jars Funnels
3.4. Summary
Chapter 4. Early Roman pottery production
4.1. General description
4.2. Early Roman Jiyeh Ware: macroscopic description
4.3. Typology
4.3.1. Amphorae
4.3.2. Kitchen vessels Closed vessels for storing and serving liquids Table amphorae Jugs Juglets Trefoil juglets Lagynos Lagynos-like juglets Cooking vessels and utensils Cooking pots Casseroles Pans Bollitore Stands Other kitchen vessels Bowls Lekane Kraters Pot with merlons Summary
Chapter 5. Porphyreon's place in the Phoenician hinterland: interpretation of the evidence 51 Administrative relation to Sidon and Berytus: the ceramic evidence
5.2. Regional connections with southern Phoenicia: the ceramic evidence
5.3. Distribution of vessels produced in Porphyreon
5.4. Organisation of ceramic production in Hellenistic and Roman Phoenicia
Chapter 6. Conclusions
Late Hellenistic, Plates 1-42
Early Roman, Plates 43-79
Parallels from Jiyeh site sector D, Plates 80-92
Porphyreon pottery, Colour plates 93-97
List of figures and tables