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Dongola 2012-2014, Fieldwork, Conservation and Site Management

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ISBN: 978-83-903796-8-5
Description: paperback, 378 pp. (29,5x21 cm), figs.
Condition: new
Weight: 1260g.




Dongola 2012-2014, Fieldwork, Conservation and Site Management, ed. by W. Godlewski, D. Dzierzbicka, PCMA Excavation Series 3, Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw 2015


Old Dongola, a royal metropolis, the political and economic center of the Medieval Christian kingdom of Makuria, flourished from the 5th/6th century to the 14th century. The royal complex on the Citadel, surrounded by imposing stone fortifications, dates from the earliest period of the city's existence. Other representative buildings were founded in the 9th century, among them the Throne Hall later converted into a mosque that still towers over the site today. The city's grandeur also finds expression in sacral complexes - numerous churches and a monastery - that shed light on local religious practice and boast a rich collection of stunning mural paintings. Although the royal court abandoned Dongola in 1364, the city remained an important urban center with extensive residential quarters functioning on and around the Citadel for several centuries.
The Mission of the Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology to Old Dongola has been excavating the Makurian capital for over 50 years. This volume contains a comprehensive report on fieldwork and conservation conducted by a team led by Wlodzimierz Godlewski in years 2012-2014. The contributions, however, go beyond the work of recent seasons and refer broadly to the stock of knowledge accumulated over decades of earlier research. Chapters are devoted to the architecture, building techniques and urban planning of the Makurian capital. Several contributions concern wall paintings, focusing on their iconography, as well as physical characteristics. The tome also includes results of recent specialized research on material brought to light during earlier campaigns. The discussed categories of finds include texts, pottery, drainage installations, animal bones, and vessel stoppers. The wealth of archaeological data recovered on the site offers valuable insight on the history of Dongola, as well as varoius aspects of Nubian culture, art, architecture and economy.


List of contributors
Wlodzimierz Godlewski
Preface
Dongola plan and timeline
PART I    THE MOSQUE BUILDING / FORMER THRONE HALL OF MAKURIA
Chapter 1     Wlodzimierz Godlewski
The architecture of the Central Hall
Chapter 2     Dobrochna Zielinska
Painted decoration of the Central Hall: preliminary inventory
Chapter 3     Cristobal Calaforra-Rzepka, Karina Sosnowska, Dorota Moryto-Naumiuk Conservation work inside the Central Hall in seasons 2009-2012
Chapter 4    Elzbieta Jezewska, Irmina Zadrozna
Analyses of pigments, binders and plaster samples from the Central Hall
PART II    THE CITADEL IN THE TIMES OF THE KINGDOM OF MAKURIA: SITE SWN
Chapter 5    Wlodzimierz Godlewski
Building SWN.B.V: The Church of Raphael
Chapter 6    Wlodzimierz Godlewski
with contributions by Katarzyna Danys and Maria Osypinska
Palatial Building SWN.B.I and earlier relics of Buildings SWN.B.IV and SWN.B.X.
Chapter 7    Szymon Maslak
Bricks and brick structures in the western part of site SWN on the Citadel
Chapter 8    Dobrochna Zielinska
The painted decoration of Building SWN.B.V (Royal Church) on the Citadel: state of research
Appendix: Katarzyna Danys
Remarks on vessels in the painting of presbyter Theophorou
Chapter 9    Adam Lajtar
Wall inscriptions in church SWN.B.V on the Citadel of Dongola
Chapter 10   Katarzyna Danys
Amphorae from Building SWN.B.I in Dongola
Chapter 11   Dorota Dzierzbicka
Amphora stoppers of the 7th century from Old Dongola
Chapter 12   Jolanta Kurzynska
Conservation work in Building SWN.B.V on the Citadel
Chapter 13   Irena Koss
Analysis of plaster samples from Building SWN.B.V on the Citadel
PART III    THE CITADEL IN THE FUNJ PERIOD: SITES B AND SWN
Chapter 14   Wlodzimierz Godlewski
The fortifications of Dongola and houses to the north of the Citadel
Chapter 15   Szymon Maslak
Houses of the Funj period outside the Citadel: materials and structures
Chapter 16   Wlodzimierz Godlewski
SWN.B.I.E: a residential quarter of the Funj period (17th century)
Chapter 17  Nairn Vanthieghem
Documents arabes trouves a Dongola.
Chapter 18  Anna Wodzinska
Some remarks on technological and functional aspects of Funj-period pottery from Dongola
Chapter 19  Marta Osypinska
Animals: archaeozoological research on osteological material from the Citadel
PART IV    THE MONASTERY AND CEMETERY ON KOM H
Chapter 20   Wlodzimierz Godlewski
The southwestern part of Kom H in Dongola: research on the monastic gates and protection work in the cemeteries
Chapter 21  Adam Lajtar
A quotation from Saint Basil's Dejejunio homilia prima 1 in a wall inscription from the Southwest Annex of the Monastery on Kom H in Dongola
Chapter 22   Piotr Makowski
The Holy Trinity in Nubian art
Chapter 23  Agnieszka Rys, Maciej Wyzgol
Ceramic water supply and drainage installations from Old Dongola
Chapter 24  Jolanta Kurzynska
Conservation works in the Monastery on Kom H in Dongola
PART V    DONGOLA SITE MANAGEMENT AND PRESERVATION
Chapter 25  Romuald Tarczewski, Teresa Dziedzic
Dongola Site Presentation Project: progress in the 2013 season
Abbreviations
References
List of illustrations Team and seasons
Dorota Dzierzbicka
Summaries of the contributions (in Arabic)

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